Speaker wires are an essential component of any sound system, but the number and variety of cables available can be overwhelming. If you’re looking to connect your subwoofer to your amplifier, then it’s important to select the right speaker wire gauge.
The gauge of a speaker wire determines the diameter of the wire, which affects the amount of electrical resistance and the amount of power that can flow. So, What gauge speaker wire for subwoofer do I need?
Gauge speaker wire for subwoofers is a crucial component in any audio system. It is the connection between the subwoofer and the amplifier, which is responsible for delivering the deep bass notes of the music. It is important to use the right gauge wire for subwoofers so that the music is not distorted or the amplifier is not overloaded.
The proper gauge size of the power wire is determined by the wattage of the subwoofer and amplifier. Generally, larger wattage systems require thicker gauge speaker wire to prevent distortion and protect the amplifier from being overloaded.
Type Of Speaker Cable for Subwoofer
When choosing a subwoofer wire, it is important to select the right wire gauge to ensure optimal performance. There are several types of speaker wire gauges available, each with its own advantages. Here are some of the most commonly used types of speaker wire for a subwoofer:
Low Gauge Speaker Wire
It can be purchased in various sizes, from around 12-gauge to 18-gauge. This type of speaker wire is very flexible and can be used for both short and long runs. It is also relatively inexpensive and can be used in most installations. A low gauge number is perfect for those who want a basic setup, as it is easy to install and will provide good audio output.
Medium Gauge Speaker Wire
This type of wire can typically handle 15-75 watts of power and is made from a high-quality copper conductor material. The insulation material helps to protect the wire against electrical shocks and shorts.
Medium gauge subwoofer wire is also highly flexible, making it easy to route through tight spaces. It also has a low capacitance rating, which ensures that no sound distortion will occur. This type of wire is often used in home theater systems and in car stereo installations.
High Gauge Speaker Wire
It is ideal for moderate power subwoofers and is designed to handle the large amount of current that is needed to move the large low-frequency drivers. High gauge speaker wire is made from copper or aluminum and is usually available in sizes ranging from 8-gauge to 16-gauge.
When choosing a high gauge speaker cable, it is important to pick a wire that is large enough to handle the power requirements of the subwoofer but not so large that it causes a significant voltage drop.
Ultra-High Gauge Speaker Wire
It is specially designed for high powered subwoofers and offers superior audio quality. It is composed of ultra-thin strands of copper that offer superior conductivity and very low resistance. The superior conductivity of ultra-high gauge speaker cable also reduces electrical noise and interference which can degrade the output of your stereo system.
The downside of ultra-high gauge speaker thick wire is that it is more expensive than other types of speaker wire, but the superior audio quality delivered by this type of wire is worth the extra cost.
American Wire Gauge
American Wire Gauge (AWG) is a popular type of gauge number for subwoofers as it is reliable and affordable. It is commonly used for home theater systems and car audio systems. AWG provides a good balance between flexibility and electrical conductivity, making it ideal for use in outdoor speakers or subs.
This type of wire comes in a variety of sizes and colors, allowing for a wide range of customizations and applications. Generally, the larger the AWG, the thicker the wire and the better the electrical performance. The most common types of AWG speaker wire for subwoofers are 12 gauge, 14 gauge, 16 gauge, and 18 gauge.
Identifying the Right Type of Speaker Gauge Wire for Your Wired Subwoofer
The type of speaker gauge wire you pick is one of the most crucial elements when establishing or updating a sound system. Plus, the appropriate kind of indoor or outdoor speaker wire can assist in transmitting sound more clearly while avoiding interference or distortion.
To ensure that you get the best performance out of your subwoofer, here are some tips to help you identify the right type of speaker gauge wire:
Consider the Size of Your Subwoofer System
The size of the subwoofer will determine the amount of power that the wiring needs to handle. If you choose a wire that cannot handle the power requirements of the subwoofer, then you may experience audio distortion, power loss, and even permanent damage to the subwoofer.
Therefore, it is important to pay attention to the specifications of your subwoofer and select the correct gauge wire according to its size.
Calculate the Total Power Output of Your Subwoofer
To do this, you will need to determine the RMS (Root Mean Square) power, which is the continuous power that the subwoofer can handle without any distortion. This is usually provided by the manufacturer, or it can be calculated using the peak power output and the subwoofer’s sensitivity rating.
How Much Wire Needed for The Subwoofer
Make sure to measure the speaker wire length in feet or meters, depending on the measurements of your subwoofer. To ensure the wire has no issues or sound quality losses, the wire should be less than 50 feet long. If it is longer than 50 feet, then you will need to consider a thicker speaker wire gauge for signal loss prevention.
Review the Gauge of The Wire for Your Subwoofer
Knowing the gauge of the wire for your subwoofer is the first step in determining the best type of gauge wire for your application. Gauge is the wire’s thickness and is typically measured in AWG. A higher AWG means a thinner wire, while a lower AWG means a thicker wire.
Determine the Type of Insulation Needed for Your Wire
Different types of insulation offer varying levels of protection from the environment and other external factors. For example, PVC-coated wire offers excellent insulation from water, while silicone insulation offers superior resistance to temperature fluctuations.
In addition, speaker wire that features a braided shield offers better protection from electromagnetic interference than those without. Choosing the appropriate insulation for your wire is essential for optimal performance.
Pure Copper Wire vs. Copper Clad Aluminum Wire on Subwoofer
The differences between pure copper wire and copper clad aluminum wire on subwoofer are significant. They should be taken into consideration when making a decision on which type of wire to use. Pure copper wire is known for its conductivity and is generally the preferred option for audio applications such as a subwoofer.
Copper wire is superior at carrying electrical current due to its low resistance, making it the ideal choice for a subwoofer. It is also less prone to corrosion and provides better heat dissipation, which can be important in high-powered audio applications.
Learn How to Install It for Optimal Performance Properly
Installing a UL-rated speaker wire gauge for the optimal performance of a subwoofer can seem like a daunting task, but with the right knowledge and preparation, it can be quite easy. To ensure you’re getting the best possible performance out of your subwoofer, follow these steps:
Cut The Wire into the Correct Size and Length Wire
To ensure accuracy, measure the distance between the subwoofer and the audio amplifier twice before making the cut. Use wire cutters to cut the wire at the desired length. Make sure the ends of the wires are flush and even, as any exposed wire may create a short circuit.
Strip The Insulation from The Wire Ends
Use a wire stripper to remove the insulation from both wire ends carefully. Make sure to only remove the insulation from the necessary portion of the wire. Doing so will ensure that the bare wire is exposed for better connection.
Connect The Wire Ends to The Speaker Terminals
Make sure that the positive (+) and negative (-) terminals are correctly aligned with the corresponding ends of the wire. If the connections are not secure, use a screwdriver or other tool to tighten them.
Secure The Wire Ends with Wire Nuts
Make sure to have the right size wire nuts for the job. If they are too large, they will not hold the wire in place, and if they are too small, they might cause electrical problems. Carefully twist the wires together and secure them with the right-sized wire nut.
Test The Sound Performance of The Subwoofer
It is important to test the sound performance of your subwoofer to determine the best wire gauge for optimal performance. This can be done by playing music or other audio through the subwoofer and observing the sound quality. Listen for any signs of distortion, such as crackling, buzzing, or otherwise poor sound quality.
How Much Speaker Wire Do I Need?
Most of the time the speaker wire lose a little power when traveling long distances, so it’s important to calculate the distance between your stereo speakers and the amplifier when determining how much wire you need. You can use a wire calculator or measure the distance yourself to ensure you have enough wire for your setup.
It’s easy to figure out how long your high-end speaker cables should be. You should measure the space between a speaker system and the location of your electronics (AV receiver, etc.), then factor in any additional space. Run a string from the location of your receiver or amplifier to each of the speaker locations.
After taking the string’s measurement, add a few more feet to the total (to provide some slack for an easier connection to your gear). The extra wires are there in case something goes wrong, to make it easier to connect everything, and to keep the cables from getting too tight.
How Thick Should My Power Cables Be For Stereo Input Speakers?
Wiring subwoofers with ten to sixteen-gauge wire is suggested to achieve maximum power. The more power you are going to run, the lower the gauge number that you are going to use for your power cable. The wire thickness or wire size is going to depend on the amount of current flowing through the cable. Most times, it is safer to go with a thicker cable.
It is important to choose the right thickness of cable to keep it from getting too hot and to make sure power flows smoothly. Do not expose the bare wire strands of your wires to prevent any short circuits or electrical hazards. Always ensure that your connections are secure and properly insulated to avoid potential accidents or damage to your equipment.
What Type Of Connectors Should I Use?
When you are trying to connect your stereo input speaker, you are going to run into different types of connectors or plugs. Here are the most popular ones:
Twin banana connectors
A banana connector, also known as a banana plug for the male version and a banana socket or banana jack for the female version, is an electrical connector that only has one wire, or conductor, and is used to join wires to various pieces of equipment.
There are many different styles of banana plug contacts, and they are all based on the same fundamental idea. The idea is that the spring metal pushes outward on a cylindrical jack that doesn’t have a spring, making a tight fit that is good for electrical conductivity.
For a pigtail connection, the screen is cut down to a single wire and then connected to the ground point with a pin. Electronic circuitry frequently makes use of connections known as pigtails. Because of how simple it is to put together, it is frequently utilized in the process of connecting the screens of data cables.
For a solderless electrical connection that is both speedy and dependable, spade terminals, which are also referred to as fork terminals and fork connectors, are a good choice. Connecting these single conductors requires a predetermined screw size or female quick connects, both of which are included with the connectors.
Spade terminals are easy to install and remove, making them ideal for applications where wires need to be swapped out frequently. They are also available in a variety of sizes and materials to suit different needs.
How to Determine The Size Of the Speaker Wires?
I typically use a tape measure to calculate how much wire I need for each speaker. When measuring the cable length, you should always add just a few inches more than what you need on each side. Sometimes the wire size does not make an audible difference.
What size speaker wire do you need? Wire size can vary depending on the type of speakers you have. The larger wire gauge represents the smaller cables. For the power wire, choose the smallest gauge possible to ensure that a good percentage of the amplifier output reaches the subwoofer.
When you purchase a home theater system like the Bose cube speakers, you won’t need to run speaker wire for the subwoofer since it comes with a Bluetooth feature. It allows you to pass the electrical signal without the need to use speaker wires.
However, if you choose to add ceiling speakers to the system, you will need in-wall wiring. While I am at it, I purchase and install an in-wall volume control for that extra flexibility.
Last Updated on: March 9, 2023