Car engines use oil to lubricate the engine, all of the moving parts, and to provide cooling as well in addition to the cooling system. Car manufacturers specify the type of oil to use and how often it should be changed based on the type of driving.
Car warranties are based on these maintenance schedules identified in the manual that comes with every car. Failure to adhere to these guidelines may result in voiding your car’s warranty.
Engine oil degrades over time naturally as it ages. In addition, the heat and circulation, materials from combustion, etc., also cause the oil to degrade.
As it degrades, the lubricant is not as effective in providing lubrication to all the moving parts of the engine. Degraded oil can also contribute to environmental emissions that are outside the specifications of the manufacturer and government regulations.
We will discuss how many miles can you go over an oil change, the benefits when you get an oil change on time, oil color changes, types of oil, and what the impact is of exceeding the recommended oil change schedule.
What happens if you go over oil change mileage?
When you drive a few hundred miles past your lubricant change guidelines for your car are not going to do any damage to your engine. However, there are several caveats to this statement.
Many drivers forget to change their oil altogether until the check engine light or check oil light illuminates. By this time, you may be several thousand miles past the recommended oil change interval.
Your car motor may have what mechanics call burn oil. This happens when your car has developed sludge issues and does not circulate well. Lubrication of the engine components is not nearly as effective as with new oil, which can cause permanent damage to engine components and expensive engine repairs.
The second caveat is the type of driving the engine is exposed to. Severe driving, which includes primarily short trips, extreme climate conditions, stop-and-go motions, carrying heavy loads, and towing, can prematurely age the lubricant in your engine.
In this situation, drivers should consider having their engine oil changed less than the recommended interval. If you drive on highways or roads, it is considered less severe, and drivers can routinely go over the recommended interval without damaging the engine or the lubricant.
How often should you get your car’s oil changed?
Check your car’s manual for the recommended oil change schedule. The manual may also discuss different types of driving conditions, which can lead to changing your car’s oil more often or less often. The type of oil you use in your engine and the age of the engine are also factors that must be considered.
Severe driving, discussed in the previous section, causes a lot more wear and tear on the engine. Your engine does not reach normal operating temperature on many road trips and does not burn off condensation that may build up in the engine.
In addition, lubrication of the engine is not efficient during engine starts taking a toll on engine parts over time. Vehicles primarily driven on the highway can often be driven longer intervals between oil changes since the lubricant is not subjected to harsh conditions during long highway-driven trips.
Recommended Oil Change Intervals
A general rule is to follow a 3000-mile oil change schedule if regular oil is used and 5,000 to 7,500 miles if synthetic oil is used. Under severe driving styles, some mechanics suggest oil changes should be completed after 1000 miles when standard oil is used. Always check your car’s manual for the recommended interval.
Older cars traditionally used regular motor oils, and most manufacturers recommended oil changes should be done after every 3,000 miles or every six months, whichever came first. As mentioned earlier, oil changes can be completed more often at lower mileages if severe driving is the norm and less often if highway driving is the norm.
Synthetic oil is a blend and an improvement that enables drivers to extend the distance they travel between oil changes from every 3,000 miles to 5000 or even 7500 in some cases. Synthetic oil can handle higher temperatures and does not break down as easily as standard oil. It flows better in cold temperatures and does not generate oil sludge which can harm lubrication.
Full synthetic oil
Full synthetic oil is called for in many newer cars and provides improved lubrication and oil change intervals that extend to 10,000 or even 15,000 miles between changes. Full synthetic oil provides improved lubrication under severe driving patterns. However, check your car’s manual for recommended oil change intervals for the conditions you typically drive.
Warning Signs That Your Car Needs An Oil Change
There are a number of warning signs that your car’s engine needs an oil change, and owners should pay attention to these signs to avoid damage to the engine.
Owners should make a habit of checking the oil in the engine on a regular basis depending on how much the car is driven. Once a week or once a month may be appropriate depending on the age of the vehicle and driving habits.
Change in the oil color
Good-looking oil should appear to be a dark brown color. If the oil is black, your engine is well beyond needing an oil change. Oil can also be murky or opaque in color; it should also be changed.
Engine oil that is milky may have coolant leaking into the engine. Check your oil often and observe the color as it changes and compare the color change to the number of miles since the last oil change.
Burning oil smell
Engines perform their best at the designed operating temperature. A combination of coolant and oil circulates through the engine in separate channels to cool the engine.
The oil also provides lubrication. Engines that overheat can cause the oil to overheat as well, and you may notice a burning oil smell. Change your oil and also check the coolant levels.
Engine Knocking Noise
Low oil levels in the engine can be caused by leaks, or perhaps your engine is burning a little oil. Either way, when there is insufficient oil, lubrication of the valves, pistons, and other moving parts can suffer, causing a knocking sound. Turn your engine off immediately to avoid damage and top up the level as needed.
Warning light illuminated
Low oil level monitoring systems and oil change reminder systems can trigger an oil warning light to be illuminated on the dash. Check the level and add oil as needed. If it is time to change your oil, arrange to do so.
You may have some leeway depending on the type of driving. When you drive in the city, it is typically hard on an engine, and the oil should be changed as per the manual, while you have a bit more leeway when you drive on highways.
How long can you go past your oil change?
The owner’s manual provides guidelines about how often the oil should be changed. Factors to take into consideration are the following:
- Type of oil used – regular, synthetic, full-synthetic
- What the manufacturer recommends
- Where you drive – city, highway
- Environment – extreme hot or cold temperatures
- Workload – towing a trailer
Once you have the manufacturer’s recommendation, assess the driving patterns. In extremely hot or cold conditions, towing a trailer in the city with regular oil may suggest an oil change every thousand miles, well under the guidelines provided by the manufacturer.
Also, you may do so when you are using synthetic oil in normal temperatures with a lot of highway miles. The manual may suggest you can drive your car up to 10,000 miles between oil changes and longer in some cases without adverse effects.
Check your oil regularly and note the condition of the oil to help decide when you should get an oil change if you plan to drive over the limit. Most dealerships will recommend your next oil change based on the miles driven or a specific time frame.
What are the benefits of changing the oil on time?
There are numerous benefits to changing the oil on time as per the owner’s manual and sometimes even more often depending on your driving habits. But first, let’s cover the risks of not changing your oil as per recommended intervals:
- Oil degrades over time and loses effectiveness
- Lubrication is not as effective with older oil
- Heat transfer begins to decline
- Old oil well past the recommended change interval can lose viscosity and turn to sludge
- Maintaining the engine warranty
- Improving gas mileage
- Meeting environmental standards
- Hot engines can warp engine components and blow head gaskets
- Complete engine failure
- Risk of damaging the engine’s parts
The frequency of oil changes depends on several criteria:
- What the manufacturers recommend
- Low mileage suggests more frequent oil changes
- High mileage suggests longer periods between oil changes
The benefits of changing oil at regular intervals include:
- Long term engine health
- Improved gasoline efficiency
- Lower maintenance costs for your entire engine
- Maintain the engine’s moving parts in good shape
What is an oil life monitoring system?
Many engines come with an oil change reminder that is based on the number of miles the car has been driven since the last reset, which should be completed at the same time as the last oil change.
An oil life monitoring system is part of your vehicle’s computer system that monitors a variety of automobile engine operating conditions. This is not a good oil condition sensor.
The system has been available since 1988 in GM cars, and there are over 10 million cars with this system in place. The oil life monitoring systems monitor the engine’s operation and, based on these readings, provides a recommendation to change your oil before the oil begins to degrade the engine’s performance.
Drivers may find that an oil change is recommended in as little as 4000 miles if the car is driven in city conditions vs. 12,000 miles for a vehicle driven primarily on highways. Nowadays, most cars can last more than 3,000 miles without an oil change. However, it is recommended that you follow the brand’s rigorous schedule that is based on tested solutions.
Should you trust your oil light indicator?
The oil light indicator is just an indicator. It tells you something has triggered the indicator to be illuminated, and it should be investigated. There are several reasons the indicator may have been triggered. These include:
- Low oil levels
- Oil mileage measuring indicates an oil change is needed
- Oil life monitors may trigger the only indicator
It is a good idea to get into the habit of checking your engine oil on a regular basis. When the light illuminates, check the oil levels and add oil if needed. If you are near the time to have the oil changed, you may as well have it done immediately.
While drivers may feel the need to change the oil may be premature, the oil protects your engine and the huge investment you have in your vehicle. An oil change may only cost from $30 to $100 depending on the kind of oil and where you take it to be serviced. Compare the cost to changing your engine!
Is it OK to go 500 miles over your oil change?
In most situations, it is ok to drive your vehicle 500 miles past the mileage indicated by your vehicle’s manufacturer. If you cannot make arrangements immediately, book an appointment to avoid forgetting that you need to have the oil changed.
The type of driving is also a factor. Five hundred miles over of city driving is much more challenging to your engine compared to five hundred miles on the highway. Before deciding to drive five hundred miles over your oil change, check the level and the condition of the oil in your engine.
Top up the oil to avoid driving with low oil levels, which could damage your engine through reduced lubrication and overheating. If your oil is black, smells burnt, or has a milky look to it, reconsider driving over the limit. These conditions indicate that you need to have your engine serviced soon.
Is 2000 miles past oil change bad?
In most cases, when you drive 2000 miles past, an oil change would be bad. However, we can think of one situation where it may be ok. An engine with full-synthetic oil and driven primarily on the highway would be at the lowest risk of causing damage to the engine.
Cars with regular oil, driven in stop-and-go traffic in the city, with short trips, often causes the oil to deteriorate quickly. When you drive 2000 miles over the limit in these conditions may cause some damage to the engine. In addition, both environmental emissions may increase, and gas mileage may also decline.
Your car is a long-term investment. If it is still under warranty, car developers may ask for proof that the vehicle has been properly maintained. Warranties are often declined due to poor maintenance. Keep all of your receipts to demonstrate regular oil changes have been implemented.
Your car’s engine will operate in its most efficient manner when proper auto maintenance is carried out. Oil changes at manufacturer-recommended intervals are important to keep your engine running smoothly and to also maintain warranty coverage.
It is important to understand exactly what the oil does to the engine’s parts and how long you can go without an oil change. Follow a proper scheduled maintenance plan for vehicle maintenance which includes the following components:
- Fuel system
- Tire rotation
- Exhaust system
- Change motor oil
- Change the oil filter
Different cars have a more severe service schedule than others. There will be a sticker on your windshield telling you about your next appointment as a reminder. If you do not follow these severe service schedules, you can end up spending more money in the long run. This can also assist you in changing your oil filter on time as well.
Use the recommended type of oil for your engine. Many drivers are switching to synthetic and full synthetic oils. Although more expensive, these oils provide better lubrication for longer periods under harsher conditions. When people drive longer between oil changes saves them time and money.